\"Our worry is that even a discussion on FDI in multi-brand retail will lead to heated debates and could lead to disruption in parliamentary proceedings. If the debate on
FDI in multi brand retail is put to rest soon, we would hope that other reforms will also be passed,\" Nomura said in a research note ahead of the Winter Session.
\"However, the Monsoon Session of Parliament does not inspire much confidence as the standoff between the government and the opposition parties on issues of graft and corruption led to a complete washout of the parliamentary session.
\"There is a risk that the Winter Session could go down the same road. Overall, the winter session of parliament will be a very important gauge as to the extent to which the announced reforms are being implemented,\" it added.
Some of the reforms announced since September that will come up for approval during the session include higher foreign investment ceilings in insurance and pension sectors, Companies Bill (Amendment), 2011 for improving standard of
corporate governance and Banking Laws (Amendment) Bill to pave the way for the RBI to give new banking licenses.
Other pending bills include Land Acquisition Rehabilitation and Resettlement bill, Direct Tax Code Bill, Forwards Contract (Regulation) Amendment Bill, and Competition Act (Amendment), 2002 to bring all sectors under the purview of the Competition Commission of India, except stressed banks or insurers.
\"The direction of reforms in the coming months will depend on whether the ruling government becomes stronger or weaker out of this winter session,\" Nomura said.
The monsoon session of parliament was virtually washed away on the issue of CAG report on coal block allocations.
Nomura, however, said it does not see the government at risk as the Congress has both the inside support from parties like DMK, NCP and others, along with outside support from SP and BSP to tide over any no-confidence vote, which itself is uncertain.
\"The SP and the BSP are opposed to FDI in multi-brand retail, but otherwise continue to support the government from outside,\" it said.
Mamata Banerjee-led Trinamool Congress has said it plans to bring a no-confidence motion against the government in Lok Sabha, but it is yet to get any clear support from other opposition parties.